our story
Jacco Findlay
Jasper Haws
Tête Jaune
Colin Fraser
Henry Moberly
Lewis Swift
mountain métis today

our constitutional rights
our homeland
our programs
youth programs
our mission
centennial commemoration

supporting leadership

Hide-A-Way Camp




Adam Joachim (above), historic leader of the Mountain Métis, was on the Métis Nation of Alberta Board of Directors in 1936, with fellow community member Isaac Plante (below).

The Métis Nation of Alberta was founded in 1935.

Allan Joachim, son of Adam Joachim was the leader of the Mountain Métis until the mid-1900s, when he died.

Alvin Findlay is now the President of the Mountain Métis.


Constitutional Rights
Section Thirty-five of the Constitution Act, 1982
Section thirty-five of the Constitution Act, 1982 provides constitutional protection to the aboriginal and treaty rights of Aboriginal peoples in Canada. The section, while within the Constitution Act, 1982 and thus the Constitution of Canada, falls outside the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The section does not define the term "aboriginal rights" or provide a closed list; some examples of the rights that section 35 has been found to protect are fishing, logging, hunting, the right to land (cf. aborginal title) and the right to enforcement of treaties. There remains a debate over whether the right to aboriginal self-government is included within section 35. As of 2006 [update] the Supreme Court of Canada has made no ruling on the matter. However, since 1995 the Government of Canada has had a policy recognizing the inherent right of self-government under section 35.

The provision provides that:
35. (1) The existing aboriginal and treaty rights of the aboriginal peoples of Canada are hereby recognized and affirmed.

(2) In this Act, "Aboriginal Peoples of Canada" includes the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

(3) For greater certainty, in subsection (1) "treaty rights" includes rights that now exist by way of land claims agreements or may be so acquired.

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the aboriginal and treaty rights referred to in subsection (1) are guaranteed equally to male and female persons.



Our rights are protected under Canada's Constitution.